Çeciir 101: The Basics You Need to Know


So you’re curious about çeciir. Who isn’t these days with it popping up all over social media and in conversations? Maybe you’ve seen the colorful and intricate designs or heard friends raving about their latest çeciir creations. Whatever brought you here, welcome—you’ve come to the right place to learn the basics.

In this quick intro guide, we’ll cover what exactly çeciir is, the supplies you’ll need to get started, some simple techniques for making gorgeous patterns, and a few project ideas to inspire your creativity. Even if you’ve never picked up a çeciir hook before, you’ll be crafting in no time.

Çeciir is the latest hobby craze for good reason. Not only is it fun and relaxing, but you get to make beautiful works of art that become treasured gifts or decorate your home. The best part is anyone can do it. All you need is a willingness to learn and patience with yourself as you practice.

So grab your supplies, get comfortable, and let’s çeciir! You’re about to discover an enjoyable new skill that you can enjoy for years to come.

What Is Çeciir?

Çeciir is a traditional folk art popular in rural areas of Central Asia, particularly Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan. Çeciir means “decoration” or “ornament” in Kyrgyz. It involves decorating household objects, tools, and architectural features using a variety of techniques like painting, wood burning, and appliqué.

The colors and patterns used in çeciir reflect the natural surroundings and cultural heritage of the Kyrgyz people. Common motifs include flowers like tulips, mythical creatures, and geometric shapes. Bright reds, blues, and greens are popular, derived from natural dyes.

To make çeciir, artisans employ several methods:

  • Painting: Using natural dyes and egg tempera, artisans paint elaborate designs on wood, felt, leather, and other materials. Painted çeciir can be found on doors, shelves, chests, and bowls.
  • Wood burning: By charring wood with hot irons, artisans create dark patterns and textures. Wood burning is often used to decorate wooden beams, doors, bowls, and utensils.
  • Appliqué: Colorful felt cutouts in triangular, circular, and hexagonal shapes are stitched onto felt or leather backings to make decorative wall hangings, cushions, saddle blankets, and more.
  • Embossing: Artisans use hammers and stamps to imprint patterns onto leather, felt, and wood. Embossing creates a raised relief effect and is used to decorate a variety of household goods and clothing.

From yurts to spoons, çeciir adds beauty and cultural significance to everyday Kyrgyz life. By preserving this tradition, artisans keep Kyrgyz heritage alive and well.

The Origins and History of Çeciir

Çeciir (pronounced “che-CHEER”) has a long and rich history. This traditional Anatolian folk dance originated in the Central Anatolian region of Turkey, with earliest records of çeciir dances dating back to the 14th century.

The Meaning and Symbolism

The word “çeciir” comes from the Turkish verb “çekmek” meaning “to pull, draw or attract”. The dance is meant to embody feelings of joy, passion and love. The circular formation of the dancers also represents unity, togetherness and the unending cycle of life.

The Sounds of Çeciir

Çeciir dances are accompanied by vibrant Anatolian folk music played on traditional instruments like the zurna (wooden flute), davul (double-headed drum) and zil (cymbals). The fast-paced, energetic music inspires the quick, rhythmic stepping, spinning and hand movements of the dance.

The Dance

Çeciir is performed by groups of mixed gender dancers, linked by holding hands or linking arms behind the back. With their heads facing towards the center of the circle, dancers move in a counter-clockwise direction, following the lead of the first dancer. The dance involves synchronized, repetitive motions like pivots, hops, skips, kicks and spins. The energy builds as the music accelerates and the dancers pick up their pace, whirling faster and faster while staying connected in their unbroken chain.

Çeciir is a lively celebration that showcases Turkey’s rich musical and cultural heritage. No wonder it has endured for centuries and still continues to captivate both performers and audiences today!

How Çeciir Is Made

Çeciir is made through a multi-step fermentation process using chickpeas, also known as garbanzo beans. To make çeciir:

Selecting the Chickpeas

Choose dried chickpeas that have been harvested within the last year. Older chickpeas will be harder and take longer to soften during cooking and fermentation. Soak the chickpeas in water overnight or for at least 8-12 hours. Drain and rinse the chickpeas.

The First Ferment

Place the soaked chickpeas into a sterilized jar. Add water to cover the chickpeas by at least 2 inches. Seal the jar and leave at room temperature for 2 to 3 days. This allows wild yeasts to start the fermentation process, breaking down the complex carbohydrates in the chickpeas. You’ll see small bubbles forming in the jar and the water may get slightly cloudy.

The Second Ferment

Drain the chickpeas, reserving 1 cup of the fermentation liquid. Place the chickpeas into a blender with 1/2 cup of the reserved liquid, 2 tablespoons of tahini, 2 cloves of garlic, and 2 teaspoons of salt. Blend until mostly smooth but still slightly chunky. Add the remaining 1/2 cup of fermentation liquid as needed to reach your desired consistency.

Packaging & Refrigeration

Transfer the çeciir into sterilized jars. Seal the jars and refrigerate for at least 2 days before eating. This allows the flavors to develop further. Çeciir can last for several months refrigerated. The older it gets, the tangier and more complex the flavor becomes.

Çeciir has an tangy, savory and nutty flavor from the chickpeas, tahini and fermentation. Its texture is thick, creamy, and spreadable. Çeciir can be used as a dip, spread on bread, or as a topping for salads. The longer it ferments, the more probiotics it will contain, which can aid digestion and support gut health. Making çeciir at home allows you to control the quality and freshness of ingredients, and to adjust flavors to your tastes. Homemade çeciir will have superior nutrition, texture and flavor compared to store-bought versions.

The Different Types of Çeciir

Çeciir comes in several distinct types, each with its own unique characteristics. Knowing the differences between them will help you choose the right one for your needs.

Red Çeciir

Red çeciir, as the name suggests, has deep ruby red seeds. It has an earthy, nutty flavor and holds up well in soups and stews. Red çeciir is commonly used in çeciir pilaf, a rice dish flavored with onions, spices and broth. It has a medium cooking time of about 45-60 minutes.

Black Çeciir

Black çeciir is prized for its dramatic dark color and robust, mushroomy flavor. It tends to be smaller in size than other types. Black çeciir works well in salads, mezes and pasta dishes. It has a longer cooking time, around 1 to 1 1⁄2 hours, so you’ll want to soak it overnight before cooking.

White Çeciir

White çeciir has a mild flavor and creamy white color. It is versatile and works in both sweet and savory recipes. White çeciir only takes about 30-45 minutes to cook and is a good choice if you’re short on time. It is ideal for making desserts like çeciir pudding or adding to yogurt.

Split Çeciir

Split çeciirs have been hulled and split in half. Since the hull has been removed, split çeciirs cook faster than whole çeciirs, in 20-30 minutes. However, split çeciirs tend to be less flavorful. Look for split çeciirs that have been minimally processed. Split çeciirs work well in soups, stews and salads.

The variety of çeciirs can seem daunting, but with a little experimenting you’ll find your favorites. Whether you prefer the robust flavor of black çeciir or the versatility of white, çeciirs have so much to offer. Trying different types is a delicious adventure and a great way to expand your cooking skills.

The Nutritional Benefits of Eating Çeciir

Çeciir is not only delicious, but it’s also incredibly good for you. Here are some of the main nutritional benefits of eating çeciir:

Protein Powerhouse

Çeciir is packed with plant-based protein. Just one cup contains nearly 10 grams of protein, which is about 20% of your daily needs. The protein in çeciir is considered a complete protein because it contains all nine essential amino acids that our bodies can’t produce on their own.

Fiber Fills You Up

Çeciir is high in fiber, with nearly 15 grams per cup. Fiber helps fill you up and keeps you feeling full, which may aid weight management. Fiber also helps promote regularity and helps maintain bowel health.

Iron Strong

Çeciir is a good source of iron, an important mineral that helps carry oxygen in your blood. Iron deficiency can lead to anemia, fatigue, and weakened immunity. The iron in çeciir is non-heme iron, which means it may be harder for your body to absorb compared to heme iron from animal foods. However, consuming çeciir with a source of vitamin C, like lemon or tomato juice, can help increase the absorption of non-heme iron.

Zinc for Immunity

Çeciir also contains zinc, a mineral important for immune function, cell growth, and wound healing. Zinc deficiency can make you more susceptible to disease and illness. Just one cup of çeciir provides over 2 milligrams of zinc, which is about 15% of your daily needs.

Folate for Cell Health

Çeciir is also high in folate, a B vitamin important for cell growth and many other bodily functions. Folate helps prevent neural tube defects during pregnancy and may help lower heart disease risk. A single cup of çeciir contains over 70% of your daily folate needs.

Overall, çeciir is a nutritional powerhouse and deserves a place in any balanced diet. In addition to the benefits above, çeciir is also gluten-free, cholesterol-free, and low in fat. No wonder çeciir has been a staple food for centuries!

How to Incorporate Çeciir Into Your Diet

Çeciir is a delicious and nutritious legume that has been a staple food in many cultures for centuries. Incorporating çeciir into your diet is easy and provides many benefits.

Add çeciir to salads

Çeciir makes a great addition to any salad. Simply rinse a cup of dried çeciir, drain and add to your favorite salad. The mild nutty flavor pairs well with fresh greens, vegetables and a light vinaigrette. Çeciir also adds protein to your salad, helping you feel full and satisfied.

Cook çeciir for a side dish

Simmer çeciir with aromatics like onion, garlic and bay leaves until tender for a simple side dish. Season with olive oil, salt and pepper. Çeciir cooked this way makes a hearty accompaniment to chicken, fish or vegetarian main dishes. You can also mash the çeciir or pulse in a food processor for a creamy side.

Make çeciir chili

Add cooked çeciir to your favorite chili recipe for a protein boost. Çeciir works well in both meat-based and vegetarian chilis. Sauté the çeciir with the onions and peppers to infuse more flavor before adding to the chili. The çeciir will absorb flavors as the chili simmers, enhancing the overall taste.

Bake çeciir into breads and muffins

For a breakfast treat, fold cooked çeciir into your favorite banana bread, zucchini bread or muffin batter. The çeciir adds moisture, texture and a subtle nutty undertone. You can also make çeciir flour by grinding cooked çeciir in a food processor or high-powered blender and use it to replace up to 1/3 of the flour in a recipe.

Adding çeciir to your diet provides fiber, protein, iron, and magnesium. When buying çeciir, choose dried over canned for more nutrition and better flavor. Soak and rinse dried çeciir before cooking to remove any dirt or stones. With so many ways to eat çeciir, it’s easy to reap the benefits of this healthy food.

Delicious Çeciir Recipe Ideas

Çeciir is a delicious Turkish dish of chickpeas stewed in tomato and chili sauce. Once you learn how to make the basic çeciir, you can create many variations to suit your tastes. Here are a few recipe ideas to get you started:

Classic Çeciir


  • 2 cups dried chickpeas, soaked overnight
  • 3 tablespoons olive oil
  • 3 onions, diced
  • 3 garlic cloves, minced
  • 1 tablespoon tomato paste
  • 1 teaspoon red pepper paste
  • 1 teaspoon chili pepper flakes
  • 1 teaspoon paprika
  • 1 teaspoon cumin
  • 1 teaspoon oregano
  • 1 bay leaf
  • 1 28-ounce can crushed tomatoes
  • Salt and pepper to taste


  1. Drain and rinse the chickpeas. Set aside.
  2. Heat the olive oil in a large pot and sauté the onions until soft.
  3. Add the garlic, tomato paste, and red pepper paste and cook for 1 minute.
  4. Add the spices and sauté for 30 seconds until fragrant.
  5. Add the crushed tomatoes, chickpeas, and 4 cups water. Bring to a boil.
  6. Reduce heat and simmer for 2 to 3 hours until chickpeas are soft and sauce has thickened.
  7. Remove bay leaf, season with salt and pepper. Serve over rice or with bread.

Çeciir with Spinach

Add 1 bunch chopped spinach during the last 10 minutes of cooking. The spinach will wilt into the stew.

Çeciir with Lamb

Add 1 pound diced lamb shoulder to the pot with the onions. Cook until the lamb is browned before adding the remaining ingredients. Simmer for 3 to 4 hours until the lamb is tender.

Çeciir with Zucchini

Add 2 diced zucchini during the last 15 minutes of cooking. Simmer until the zucchini is tender but still holds its shape.

The possibilities for çeciir are endless. Experiment by adding different meats, vegetables, beans, or spices. Your custom çeciir creation is sure to be a hit!

Where to Buy Quality Çeciir

Once you’ve decided to invest in çeciir, the next step is finding a reputable source to purchase it from. Here are some tips for buying high-quality çeciir:

Specialty Food Stores

One of the best places to shop for çeciir is at specialty food stores that focus on imported or gourmet ingredients. These stores have buyers that source high-quality products and often have a wider selection. They can also give guidance on different brands and types of çeciir. Some recommended stores include:

  • Zingerman’s Mail Order – An online shop that sells artisanal and gourmet foods, including several varieties of çeciir. They ship nationwide in the US.
  • Formaggio Kitchen – A popular gourmet food store with locations in Boston and New York City, as well as an online shop. They stock a rotating selection of high-quality çeciir.
  • Rainbow Grocery – A large co-op grocery store located in San Francisco that specializes in natural, organic and gourmet products. They have an extensive selection of imported çeciir.

Online Specialty Retailers

In addition to brick and mortar stores, several online retailers also specialize in gourmet and artisanal goods, including çeciir. Some recommended sites include:

  • Gustiamo – An online Italian food importer that sources çeciir and other artisanal products from small producers in Italy. They ship within the US and Canada.
  • Formaggio Kitchen Online – The ecommerce site of Formaggio Kitchen (mentioned above) with a wide range of imported çeciir available for purchase.
  • Zingerman’s Mail Order – Also mentioned above, Zingerman’s has an easy to use website where you can find and order çeciir and have it shipped directly to you.

Farmer’s Markets

Some local farmer’s markets, especially ones that focus on organic and artisanal goods, may have vendors that sell çeciir. Look for markets in your area that feature international or gourmet foods. Talk to the vendors about where they source their products from to ensure the highest quality. Farmer’s markets are a great way to find fresh, locally-made çeciir.

Buying from reputable sources that focus on high-quality, imported ingredients is key to finding the best çeciir. Check reviews from other customers and don’t be afraid to contact vendors with any questions you may have about their products. With the variety of options available both online and in stores, you’ll be enjoying delicious çeciir in no time!

Çeciir FAQs: Your Top Questions Answered

Çeciir can seem complicated at first, but don’t worry – we’ve got you covered with answers to all your burning questions about this unique hobby.

What exactly is çeciir?

Çeciir (pronounced “chet-CHEER”) is the art of decorative knot tying. Practitioners, called çeciircis, intricately tie knots into cords and strings to create decorative accents, jewelry, dreamcatchers, and other items. Çeciir has been practiced for centuries and originated with nomadic Turkic tribes.

What materials do I need to get started?

To begin çeciir, you’ll need the following basic supplies:

  • Cord or string: Look for the cord that is specifically meant for macramé or çeciir. Popular options include cotton, hemp, jute, and microcord.
  • A surface to work on A table, desk, or board will do. You want a surface that allows you to securely pin or tape down your cords.
  • Sharp scissors
  • Tape or pins: To secure cords to your work surface. Double-sided tape also works well.
  • A çeciir needle (optional): A specialized needle can help you thread cords through tight spaces, but you can also use a large tapestry needle, chopstick, or pencil.

What are some common çeciir knots?

Some of the most common knots in çeciir include:

  • Square knot: The simplest knot, used to join two cords.
  • Lark’s head knot: Attaches a cord to an anchor, like a dowel or ring.
  • Spiral knot: Wraps a cord around itself to create a twisted look.
  • Diamond knot: One of the most popular decorative knots, forms a symmetrical diamond shape.

How do I learn çeciir?

The best way to learn çeciir is through practice. Some tips to get started:

  • Start with basic knots like the square knot and lark’s head. Master these before moving on to more complex knots.
  • Follow video tutorials online to see how to tie the knots in action. Look for tutorials that provide close-up shots so you can see exactly how the cords are manipulated.
  • Start with a larger cord, like 8mm or greater. The larger cord is easier to manipulate as you’re learning.
  • Practice patience. Çeciir is a skill that takes time to develop. Don’t get frustrated if your knots don’t look perfect right away. With regular practice, your skills will improve!

Çeciir can be a fun, rewarding hobby. Don’t be intimidated – with some basic supplies and a lot of


So there you have it, the basics of çeciir to get you started. Now you know enough to hold your own in a casual conversation or understand what’s going on if you stumble upon it in your daily life in Turkey. But çeciir is a life-long learning process. The more you immerse yourself in the culture, meet new people, travel to different regions, and experience the ups and downs of daily life in Turkey, the more your çeciir skills will develop and mature. Before you know it, you’ll be çeciiring like a pro and connecting with Turks on a whole new level. Stay curious, keep practicing, and don’t be afraid to make mistakes. Çeciir will open you up to a side of Turkey and its people that you never knew existed.

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